Electric-field-gradient analysis of high-Tc superconductors

Kupčić, Ivan and Barišić, Slaven and Tutiš, Eduard (1998) Electric-field-gradient analysis of high-Tc superconductors. Physical Review B, 57 (14). pp. 8590-8600. ISSN 1098-0121

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Abstract

The qualitative and quantitative features of the electronic charge distribution in cuprate superconductors are reexamined on the basis of a comprehensive set of nuclear quadrupole resonance and NMR measurements. A systematic analysis of measured electric-field gradients is performed within the tight-binding approach, commonly used for electronic models in cuprates. Both in-plane and out-of-plane sites and orbitals are considered. Special attention is given to the generic pd model involving only the σ orbitals in the CuO2 planes. This model is checked against the experimental data. The physical origin of several material-dependent features is clarified. It is shown that in La2-xSrxCuO4 the 3d3z2-r2 orbital of the in-plane copper and the 2pz apex oxygen orbital are occupied by a substantially smaller fraction of holes than the in-plane σ orbitals, at variance with proposals lending importance to copper-apex oxygen hybridization. At the in-plane oxygen site a sizable 2pz admixture is found at the Fermi level of YBa2Cu3O7. The in-plane charge distribution of Tl2Ba2CuO4 is found to be qualitatively similar to that of the high-temperature tetragonal phase of La2-xSrxCuO4. It appears that the additional holes are shared among copper and oxygen sites in similar proportions. This is shown to be compatible with the large Ud Emery model provided that the difference between the p and d atomic energies is comparable to the first neighbor overlap energy.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: superconductivity, electric-field-gradient analysis
Date: April 1998
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Additional Information: Copyright (1998) by the American Physical Society.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Project code: 00350109, 119204
Publisher: American Physical Society
Depositing User: Gordana Stubičan Ladešić
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 16:56
Last Modified: 14 May 2014 16:56
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/1321

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