Structural Basis for Selectivity of Butyrylcholinesterase towards Enantiomeric Quinuclidin-3-yl Benzoates: a Quantum Chemical Study

Primožič, Ines and Hrenar, Tomica and Tomić, Srđanka and Meić, Zlatko (2003) Structural Basis for Selectivity of Butyrylcholinesterase towards Enantiomeric Quinuclidin-3-yl Benzoates: a Quantum Chemical Study. Croatica Chemica Acta, 76 (1). pp. 93-99. ISSN 0011-1643

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Abstract

In order to explain different rates of hydrolysis of (R)- and (S)-quinuclidin-3-yl benzoates and benzoylcholine catalyzed with butyrylcholinesterase, semiempirical PM3 calculations were performed with an assumed active site model of human BChE (20 amino acids). Contributions of different protein residues to the stabilization of Michaelis complexes and tetrahedral intermediates were analyzed. It was shown that the hydrolysis rates of quinuclidinium enantiomers were to an appreciable extent affected by the existence or absence of the hydrogen bond between the quinuclidinium N+–H group and the protein residues. Calculations indicated that the better stabilization of quinuclidinium moiety in the Michaelis complex than in the tetrahedral intermediate was the main reason for a greater barrier and a slower reaction rate of the (R)-enantiomer of quinuclidinium esters compared to benzoylcholine. In the case of (S)-enantiomer, the calculation indicated that the barrier to the substrate reorientation from a favourable, but non-productive binding to a productive one significantly influenced the rate of hydrolysis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: butyrylcholinesterase; benzoylcholine; (R)- and (S)-quinuclidin-3-yl; semiempirical calculations; Michaelis complexes; tetrahedral intermediates; mechanism of hydrolysis; benzoates
Date: 2003
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Publisher: Hrvatsko kemijsko društvo
Related URLs:
Depositing User: mag. bibl. Ana Šafran
Date Deposited: 20 May 2014 08:35
Last Modified: 20 May 2014 08:35
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/1493

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