Microscopic analysis of order parameters in nuclear quantum phase transitions

Li, Z. P. and Nikšić, Tamara and Vretenar, Dario and Meng, Jie (2009) Microscopic analysis of order parameters in nuclear quantum phase transitions. Physical Review C, 80 (6). pp. 61301-4. ISSN 0556-2813

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Abstract

Microscopic signatures of nuclear ground-state shape phase transitions in Nd isotopes are studied using excitation spectra and collective wave functions obtained by diagonalization of a five-dimensional Hamiltonian for quadrupole vibrational and rotational degrees of freedom, with parameters determined by constrained self-consistent relativistic mean-field calculations for triaxial shapes. As a function of the physical control parameter, the number of nucleons, energy gaps between the ground state and the excited vibrational states with zero angular momentum, isomer shifts, and monopole transition strengths exhibit sharp discontinuities at neutron number N=90, which is characteristic of a first-order quantum phase transition.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Microscopic signatures of nuclear ground-state shape phase transitions in Nd isotopes are studied using excitation spectra and collective wave functions obtained by diagonalization of a five-dimensional Hamiltonian for quadrupole vibrational and rotational degrees of freedom, with parameters determined by constrained self-consistent relativistic mean-field calculations for triaxial shapes. As a function of the physical control parameter, the number of nucleons, energy gaps between the ground state and the excited vibrational states with zero angular momentum, isomer shifts, and monopole transition strengths exhibit sharp discontinuities at neutron number N=90, which is characteristic of a first-order quantum phase transition.
Date: December 2009
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Nuclear Physics
Additional Information: Copyright (2009) by the American Physical Society.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Project code: 119-1191005-1010
Publisher: American Physical Society
Depositing User: Gordana Stubičan Ladešić
Date Deposited: 29 May 2014 20:43
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2014 07:53
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/1977

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