Observation of Two-Source Interference in the Photoproduction Reaction AuAu → AuAu ρ0

Abelev, B. I. and Planinić, Mirko and Poljak, Nikola and Zuo, J. X. (STAR Collaboration) (2009) Observation of Two-Source Interference in the Photoproduction Reaction AuAu → AuAu ρ0. Physical Review Letters, 102 (11). pp. 112301-7. ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract

In ultraperipheral relativistic heavy-ion collisions, a photon from the electromagnetic field of one nucleus can fluctuate to a quark-antiquark pair and scatter from the other nucleus, emerging as a ρ0. The ρ0 production occurs in two well-separated (median impact parameters of 20 and 40 F for the cases considered here) nuclei, so the system forms a two-source interferometer. At low transverse momenta, the two amplitudes interfere destructively, suppressing ρ0 production. Since the ρ0 decays before the production amplitudes from the two sources can overlap, the two-pion system can only be described with an entangled nonlocal wave function, and is thus an example of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox. We observe this suppression in 200 GeV per nucleon-pair gold-gold collisions. The interference is 87%±5%(stat.)±8%(syst.) of the expected level. This translates into a limit on decoherence due to wave function collapse or other factors of 23% at the 90% confidence level.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ultra-peripheral relativistic heavy-ion collisions
Date: March 2009
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Additional Information: Copyright (2009) by the American Physical Society.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Project code: 119-0982887-1006
Publisher: American Physical Society
Depositing User: Gordana Stubičan Ladešić
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2014 12:07
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2014 12:07
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/2335

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