National park Kornati: the problem of preservation

Busch, Franka (2013) National park Kornati: the problem of preservation. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

In the middle part of the Croatian Adriatic Sea, at the join of the islands of Šibenik and Zadar, are located numerous islands that are by many things special, islands called Kornati. Because of its breathtaking landscapes, interesting geomorphology, well indented coastline and its rich sea ecosystem, in the year 1980, the majority of islands have become a national park. Kornati Islands National Park consists of 140 islands, some large, some small, making Kornati the densest archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. And by this, relatively big number of islands, the continetal part of the part makes a little less than 1/4 of its total size, while the rest of its area is the sea and its flora and fauna. Although, the Kornati archipelago has a very rich flora and fauna, most of its unique species are not enough researched. The majority of vegetation is still, after many years, practically unknown. It is estimated that there are around 800 plant species. The land fauna is being researched and it is known that there are around 352 species that are typical for the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. Apart from sea-gulls, which are the most numerous animals, there are some lizards and ring-snakes, and 69 varieties of butterfly, some amphibians and rodents. The local ichthyological fauna is also sparse. As regards marine life, the Kornati islands are typical of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean, but, due to the underwater relief, streams and special characteristics of the sea in this labyrinth, there are also some peculiarities: algae, corals and sponges. The researches estimate that there are around 3000 species that are either pelagic or benton species. Since the year 1980 the Kornati archipelago has been protected by the Law of the National Park Kornati, which includes the Lower Kornati Islands and the SE part of Dugi otok with the Telašćica bay. The area protected by the law is more than 26 200 ha. Over the years the law changed, and today the 1997 Law of the National Park Kornati protects the archipelago that was reduced to 21 800 ha. The main problem is that the laws changed because of administrative and legislative problems, and not becuase the state wants to offer better protection to numerous islands. The biggest threat to harmony on the islands is the antropogenic influence. Due to its size it is very hard to provide maximum protection and law reforms to the Kornati Islands. In addition, climate changes are also harming the ecosystem, and the state should support and finance more projects and scientific researches in order to fully preserve the landscape and its ecosystem.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Kružić, Petar
Date: 2013
Number of Pages: 17
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2014 11:51
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2014 11:51
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3071

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