Genetic structure of Balkan Roma-analysis of mtDNA polymorphisms

Vilaj, Marija (2014) Genetic structure of Balkan Roma-analysis of mtDNA polymorphisms. Diploma thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

This thesis studied genetic structure of Balkan Roma to determine differences in mitochondrial genetic inheritance among Balkan Roma and Bayash Roma from Baranja and MeĎumurje. HVS I region of mitochondrial DNA was sequenced and analyzed from 166 Balkan Roma and was compared with previously published dana from 232 Bayash Roma from Baranja and 152 from MeĎimurje. It was established that haplogroup H is the most common haplogroup in the population of the Balkan Roma suggesting gene flow from geographically close European non-Roma populations. The second most common haplogroup is haplogroup M which demontrates Indian origin of studied population. According to the results of genetic diversity, Balkan Roma are more similar to the Bayash Roma from Baranja than to the more closed group of Bayash Roma from MeĎimurje. Conducted Exact test showed statistically significant difference between all three population. Genetic distance between two populations of Bayash Roma was higher than the distance between the Balkan Roma and Bayash Roma from Baranja suggesting the separation of Bayash Roma shortly after coming in Romania and their separation before arrival in Croatia, where they exist as two isolated populations.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
Keywords: origin of Roma, Balkan Roma, HVS I region, haplogroup
Supervisor: Peričić Salihović, Marijana
Date: 2014
Number of Pages: 35
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 11:15
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2014 11:15
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3236

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