Evolution of hominids (fam. Hominidae)

Černauš, Nikolina (2014) Evolution of hominids (fam. Hominidae). Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

Evolution of hominids covers the period of the last 60 million years and it refers on the developement of apes and humans. The process of evolution has in a way been conditioned by the changes that arrose during time, and they included tectonic movements of the Earths crust, ocean draining and climate change – all of which made severe impact on the habitat of primates, forcing them to adapt. The oldest known hominids are classified in three genera : Sahelanthropus, Orrorin and Ardipithecus, who gave rise to genus Australopithecus, from which genus Homo had evolved. Hominids are primates with upright bipedal locomotion, at least partly, while their dentition shows great ressemblance to the one we find in humans, with little canines, low molars, vertical incisors and the absence of diastema. Bipedalism and dentition developement allowed strong neck musles to evolve. That event, along with the upright posture, marked the begining of encephalisation process.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Franjević, Damjan
Date: 2014
Number of Pages: 49
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 11:45
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 11:45
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3297

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