Did the neanderthals really go extinct?

Glojnarić, Ivana (2014) Did the neanderthals really go extinct?. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

Neanderthals are extinct species of the genus Homo. They lived more than 150,000 years on the territory of Europe and Asia. They were smaller, more robust and more strong compared to today's people. They had light hair and skin. They lived on the grasslands, the forests and caves. They used fire, they had developed social relationships and some lower form of communication. They have taken care of the sick and buried their dead members. They were very good hunters, because meat was the main food source. There are numerous sites across Europe, and one of the most important is in Croatia, on the hill Hušnjakovo near Krapina. It is assumed that Neanderthals and modern humans may encounter, and it is speculated that there was a mutual breeding, which is supported by the fact that the genomes of modern humans represented 1-4% Neanderthal genes. Last Neanderthals lived 25000 years ago on the territory of Gibraltar. In this work I presented some of the basic features of their structure and way of life, and I tried to indicate through the work to the similarities and differences with modern humans and their characteristics that can be recognized in today's humans as their potential legacy. Any claim related to Neanderthals still causes controversy since scientists made many studies, each of which has all the arguments, but they are mutually contradictory. Neanderthals were ellresearched, but it is assumed that the real truth about them will never know because of the lack of high quality evidence.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Kalafatić, Mirjana
Date: 2014
Number of Pages: 22
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 13:16
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 13:16
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3304

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