Genetic structure of Romani populations in Croatia: analysis of the X chromosome

Barešić, Ana (2013) Genetic structure of Romani populations in Croatia: analysis of the X chromosome. Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

In this PhD thesis 7 X-chromosome microsatellite loci (DXS983, DXS8037, DXS8092, DXS1225, DXS8082, DXS1066 and DXS986) were analyzed in Roma males from three populations in Croatia, who belong to different migration and dialect groups. Two populations of Vlax Roma from Međimurje and Baranja (N=156) speak the archaic Romanian dialect ljimba d’bjaš, while the Balkan Roma from Zagreb speak romani-chib (N=50). Results show statistically significant difference between population of Međimurje and other two populations. DXS8092 showed lowest diversity values in all three populations, while DXS986 showed highest diversity values in Baranja and Međimurje populations and DXS8037 in Zagreb populations. Linkage disequilibrium analyses showed that Međimurje populations has the highest number of pair loci in disequilibrium while Zagreb population has the least. Results point to possible early separation of all three investigated populations, despite the fact that Međimurje and Baranja populations belong to same migration category and speak the same dialect.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis)
Keywords: Vlax Roma, Balkan Roma, Bayash, microsatelites, X chromosome,
Supervisor: Peričić Salihović, Marijana
Date: 2013
Number of Pages: 101
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Grozdana Sirotic
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2014 16:08
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2016 14:10
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/341

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