Morphology, anatomy and ecology of species Dracunculus medinensis (Linnaeus, 1758.)

Filipas, Marlena (2010) Morphology, anatomy and ecology of species Dracunculus medinensis (Linnaeus, 1758.). Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

Dracunculus medinensis is a species belonging to the phylum Nematoda and is the only nematode transmitted through drinking water. It inhabits subcutaneous tissue of infected persons and, if not properly treated, can be a serious threat to one's health. The disease caused by this parasite is called dracunculiasis, or ''guinea worm disease'' and it has been known from ancient Egypt and Greece, where the physicians treated it by winding the parasite around a small piece of wood in order to extract it from the infected part of the body. It is believed that the symbol of medicine, Aesculapius, represents this parasite wound around a stick. The goal of this paper is to examine the morphology, anatomy and ecology of this nematode, as well as ways of treatment of infected people. Dracunculiasis today has been contained to four countries – Republic of Sudan, Republic of Mali, Republic of Ghana and FDR Ethiopia. To further contain and cure this disease, the World Health Organization is trying to educate the local population about prevention and treatment of this disease. Their campaign appears to be successful, because the number of infected people has dropped from 3.5 million people in 1986, to only 764 people in 2009. This is very important because, apart from causing ulcers, cellulitis and tissue necrosis, dracunculiasis can also lead to death.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Primc Habdija, Biserka
Date: 2010
Number of Pages: 19
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2014 13:07
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2014 13:07
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3418

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