Wetlands and their ecological importance

Basrek, Luka (2009) Wetlands and their ecological importance. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

Wetlands are ecological systems which have many features in common with both aquatic and terrestrial systems. They have two features that together make them unique: anaerobic soil (develops beacause disolved oxygen in water saturated soils is quickly depleted by microorganisms) and large plants, collectively called macrophytes. Macrophytes have big influence on wetland properties because they are main primary producents, and they strongly influence water chemistry, acting as both nutrient sinks through uptake, and as nutrient pumps, moving compounds from the sediment to the water column. They influence the hydrology and sediment regime of wetlands, trough sediment and shoreline stabilization. They are the biggest reservoir of nutrients during and after their life. Litter decomposition is one of the most important processes in wetlands. Fungi and bacterias have central position in litter decomposition and consenquently central postion in nutrient cycles. Wetlands have very high capacity of purifying water and in flood control. Invertebrates and their larvae are very important for wetlands ecology because their are often main food for bigger animals like birds and fish. Wetlands are very important habitat for birds and fish because they are good source of food and nesting sites. Because wetlands are constantly being destroyed, and man is often main reason for that, it is necessary to make laws to protect wetlands and to educate people who live or work there. Procedures for restoration of wetlands should be also improved.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Mihaljević, Zlatko
Date: 2009
Number of Pages: 22
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2014 12:53
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2014 12:54
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3514

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