Neutral evolution

Dobrinić, Paula (2009) Neutral evolution. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

The main thesis of the neutral theory, which presumes that most of evolutionary changes on molecular level are driven by random genetic drift of selectively neutral (equivalent) alleles, had a huge influence on population genetics. Theory creator, Motoo Kimura, in doing so, doesn't deny significance of natural selection in evolution of morphological and physiological traits. Nevertheless, in the begining, the theory was completely unacceptable for neo-Darwinians and has caused many debates. By the time his theory firstly emerged, unlike now, there were only few molecular methods that could prove the theory so we can undoubtedly claim that Kimura's work was a visionary one. Presumption of finality of natural population was the crucial step towards the making of theory. The smaller the population is, the stronger is the effect of genetic drift. But the rate of neutral evolution doesn't depend on population size, but on the neutral mutation rate. The evolutionary rate of a given protein is constant in different lines that diverge from a common ancestor, so each protein evolves according to its own molecular clock. The neutral theory of molecular evolution can not explain all evolutionary phenomena. Present genetic diversity of populations and species is better explained by the nearly neutral theory, which considers the population size and the possibility of common influence of genetic drift and natural selection. The outcome of evolution depends on relative strength of above mentioned forces. After all, the main difference between "neutralists" and "selectionists" is relative importance of drift and selection, which is, in some way, conjoined into the nearly neutral theory.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Kalafatić, Mirjana
Date: 2009
Number of Pages: 11
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2014 12:32
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2014 12:32
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3534

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