Strain-Induced Extrinsic High-Temperature Ferromagnetism in the Fe-Doped Hexagonal Barium Titanate

Zorko, A. and Pregelj, M. and Gomilšek, M. and Jagličić, Z. and Pajić, Damir and Telling, M. and Arčon, I. and Mikulska, I. and Valant, M. (2015) Strain-Induced Extrinsic High-Temperature Ferromagnetism in the Fe-Doped Hexagonal Barium Titanate. Scientific Reports, 5 (7703). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2045-2322

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Diluted magnetic semiconductors possessing intrinsic static magnetism at high temperatures represent a promising class of multifunctional materials with high application potential in spintronics and magneto-optics. In the hexagonal Fe-doped diluted magnetic oxide, 6H-BaTiO3-δ, room-temperature ferromagnetism has been previously reported. Ferromagnetism is broadly accepted as an intrinsic property of this material, despite its unusual dependence on doping concentration and processing conditions. However, the here reported combination of bulk magnetization and complementary in-depth local-probe electron spin resonance and muon spin relaxation measurements, challenges this conjecture. While a ferromagnetic transition occurs around 700 K, it does so only in additionally annealed samples and is accompanied by an extremely small average value of the ordered magnetic moment. Furthermore, several additional magnetic instabilities are detected at lower temperatures. These coincide with electronic instabilities of the Fe-doped 3C-BaTiO3-δ pseudocubic polymorph. Moreover, the distribution of iron dopants with frozen magnetic moments is found to be non-uniform. Our results demonstrate that the intricate static magnetism of the hexagonal phase is not intrinsic, but rather stems from sparse strain-induced pseudocubic regions. We point out the vital role of internal strain in establishing defect ferromagnetism in systems with competing structural phases.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: spintronics magnetic, properties and materials, ferromagnetism, chemical physics
Date: 9 January 2015
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercialShareAlike 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder in order to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Depositing User: Damir Pajić
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2015 09:54
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2016 09:33

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