Palaeoecological and taphonomic aspects of avifauna from the eastern Adriatic coast during the late pleistocene and holocene

Sršen Oros, Ankica (2015) Palaeoecological and taphonomic aspects of avifauna from the eastern Adriatic coast during the late pleistocene and holocene. Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Geology.

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Abstract

The Quaternary period is characterized by dramatic climate changes. Glacial - interglacial cycles as well as stadials and interstadials caused abrupt environmental changes that affected faunal communities and changed their composition. To make better our understanding of spatial and temporal environmental, as well as cultural changes, avifaunal remains from four Late Pleistocene to Holocene (MIS 3 – MIS 1) palaeontological and archaeological sites on the eastern Adriatic coast are taxonomically and taphonomically examined: Marlera I (NISP=100), Šandalja II (NISP=1936), Ljubićeva pećina (NISP=336), and Vela spila (NISP=601). The results are palaeoenviromentally, palaeoecologically and archaeozoologically interpreted. The Late Pleistocene avifauna contained Arctic faunal elements, but the majority of the taxa can be found on the eastern Adriatic coast today. Early Holocene avifauna consisted of extant bird taxa of the eastern Adriatic coast, whether present as seasonal migrants or year-round residents. Different taphonomic agents accumulated the bird bones, and bone surface modifications show that birds of prey, small carnivores, and humans helped accumulate these remains. Avifaunal assemblages from the eastern Adriatic coast indicate that a mosaic of habitats was present during the Late Pleistocene and beginning of the Holocene and that the Adriatic Plain supported a diverse and rich biome.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis)
Keywords: birds, cave, Eastern Adriatic, Late Pleistocene, Holocene, palaeoecology, taphonomy
Supervisor: Miracle, Preston T.
Date: 2015
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geology > Geology and Paleontology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Geology
Depositing User: Danica Vujičić
Date Deposited: 13 May 2015 20:10
Last Modified: 13 May 2015 20:10
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3705

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