Phosphate minerals in human urinary tract

Zimprich, Emma (2015) Phosphate minerals in human urinary tract. Diploma thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Geology.

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Abstract

Kidney stones are most common cause of urinary system disorders. Most kidney stones are composed of several crystal components and phases, which leads to various physiological conditions during their formation. These conditions are being clarified in order to succesfully determine medical treatment and prevent kidney stone recurrance. Several methods were used in order to identify the composition and structure of kidney stones including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Phosphate minerals in urinary tract were analyzed, of which the most common are: struvite, apatite (carbonate apatite or hydroxylapatite) and brushite. In most samples using FTIR spectroscopy small amount of calcium oxalate was found. Analysed data are very helpful for understanding the mechanisms of stone formation, medical treatment and frequent recurrence of kidney stones.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
Keywords: apatite, IR, kidney stones, phosphates, SEM, struvite, XRD
Supervisor: Bermanec, Vladimir
Date: 2015
Number of Pages: 70
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geology > Mineralogy and Petrology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Geology
Depositing User: Danica Vujičić
Date Deposited: 13 May 2015 20:08
Last Modified: 13 May 2015 20:08
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3804

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