Sponge genomics and the origin of animal complexity

Roller Milošević., Maša (2015) Sponge genomics and the origin of animal complexity. Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry.

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Abstract

Sponges (phylum Porifera) are the morphologically simplest animals (kingdom Metazoa) which diverged earliest from other metazoans. Despite their morphological simplicity, transcriptome studies and one genomic study have shown surprising genome complexity in gene content resembling that of morphologically more complex animals. Information from additional taxa is required to better define the relationships within the phylum Porifera but also their relationship with the whole animal kingdom. After next-generation sequencing, computational methods were used to assemble and functionally characterize the genome of the sponge Ephydatia muelleri. The genome contains around 20,000 genes. By comparing the genes with databases, examples of genes related to the appearance and early evolution of animals are described.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis)
Keywords: Ephydatia muelleri, genomics, Porifera, multicellularity
Supervisor: Vlahoviček, Kristian
Date: 2015
Number of Pages: 95
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Branka Maravic
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 11:42
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2015 11:42
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/3921

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