Carbonized plant remains from the Late Bronze Age site Kalnik-Igrišče

Mareković, Sara (2013) Carbonized plant remains from the Late Bronze Age site Kalnik-Igrišče. Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only
Language: Croatian

Download (9MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Samples analyzed in this paper were taken during the excavations in the years 2007 and 2008 from the Late Bronze Age house on the Kalnik-Igrišče site. In total 69 103 carbonized fruits, seeds and other plant remains were examined. The cereals (Panicum miliaceum, Hordeum vulgare, Triticum aestivum ssp. spelta, T. turgidum ssp. dicoccon, T. aestivum ssp. aestivum., T. monococcum ssp. monococcum, Setaria italica, Secale cereale and Avena sp.). were the most numerous with 82 % of the total number of found remains. Legumes (Vicia faba, Lens culinaris and cf. Pisum sativum) do 20%, weeds (Bromus secalinus, Galium aparine etc.) and useful wild species (Malus sylvestris, Quercus sp. and Cornus mas) 1 % of all found macroremains. In this paper, comparison is made between archeobotanical records of Kalnik-Igrišče site and other similar Bronze Age sites in Croatia and neighboring countries. This comparison shows many similarities in the whole area. In order to determine the influence of moist pretreatments (flotation and wet sieving) on carbonized plant remains, predetermined amount of wheat, barley, millet, beans and lentils macrofossils were taken and were treated with water. Treatments were also applied to samples of barley, millet and lentils carbonized in laboratory. After treatments, the samples were re-counted and the percentage of damage for every plant species and for each method were recorded. Comparisons were made on the sensitivity of individual species and the differences in the degree of damage depending on the method of pretreatment. It was concluded that the flotation is less aggressive method than wet sieving and that wheat, barley and beans are resistant to moist pretreatments, while the breakup percentage of lenses and millet (from real archeological site) is higher than 30 % and should be taken into account when deciding on the (non)use of moist pretreatments in investigations.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis)
Keywords: archeobotany, carbonized plant macrofossils, Urnfield culture, cereals, pulses, Bronze Age sites, flotation, wet sieving
Supervisor: Šoštarić, Renata
Date: 2013
Number of Pages: 189
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Grozdana Sirotic
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2014 12:31
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 12:18
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/413

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Nema podataka za dohvacanje citata