Orientation and types of communication among bees

Preininger, Tamara (2015) Orientation and types of communication among bees. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

Bees are one of the most fascinating animals. This paper presents and explains the ways of communication and orientation among bees, starting with the biological requirements in the form of nervous and sensory systems, through various forms of communication and orientation. Bees orient themselves in space in relation with various landmarks such as permanent objects (trees, roads, buildings), the position of the sun, polarized light and magnetic fields of the Earth. Speaking about the ability of orientation of bees, we can conclude that their survival is strongly connected to their ability to orient themselves regardless of the conditions, they might find themselves in. In addition to orient in nature, bees need to know to transfer information to other bees in the hive which consists of various ways of which the most important are: chemical communication (communication using pheromones), communication by feeding (trophallaxis), and communication using movements e.g. dance language (used only by bees). There are two types of dances: round and waggle dance. These dances are used by the bees which found food to tell their nest mates where the source of food is. The importance of the dance language is that it's considered to be the first example of symbolic communication and the best example of such a type of communication (with the exception of human communication). The discovery that the bees can perform such a complex behavior has enabled a deeper study of perceptual world of insects and enhanced the understanding of their vision and other senses, memory, orientation, learning and social organizations. Therefore, it represents a model for understanding these areas among other insects also.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Primc, Biserka
Date: 2015
Number of Pages: 22
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Silvana Šehić
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2016 11:35
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2016 11:35
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/4580

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