Cross-correlations between volume change and price change

Podobnik, Boris and Horvatić, Davor and Petersen, Alexander M. and Stanley, H. Eugene (2009) Cross-correlations between volume change and price change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106 (52). pp. 22079-22084. ISSN 0027-8424

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In finance, one usually deals not with prices but with growth rates R, defined as the difference in logarithm between two consecutive prices. Here we consider not the trading volume, but rather the volume growth rate R̃, the difference in logarithm between two consecutive values of trading volume. To this end, we use several methods to analyze the properties of volume changes |R̃|, and their relationship to price changes |R|. We analyze 14,981 daily recordings of the Standard and Poor's (S & P) 500 Index over the 59-year period 1950–2009, and find power-law cross-correlations between |R| and |R̃| by using detrended cross-correlation analysis (DCCA). We introduce a joint stochastic process that models these cross-correlations. Motivated by the relationship between |R| and |R̃|, we estimate the tail exponent α̃ of the probability density function P(|R̃|) ∼ |R̃|−1−α̃ for both the S & P 500 Index as well as the collection of 1819 constituents of the New York Stock Exchange Composite Index on 17 July 2009. As a new method to estimate α̃, we calculate the time intervals τq between events where R̃ > q. We demonstrate that τ̃q, the average of τq, obeys τ̃q ∼ qα̃. We find α̃ ≈ 3. Furthermore, by aggregating all τq values of 28 global financial indices, we also observe an approximate inverse cubic law.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: econophysics, finance, volatility, trading volume, process, cross-correlations
Date: 29 December 2009
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Econophysics
Additional Information: © 2009 National Academy of Sciences. Freely available online through the PNAS open access option. Contributed by H. Eugene Stanley, October 22, 2009 (sent for review September 19, 2009). Published online before print on December 15, 2009.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Project code: 114-0352827-1370, 119-0982930-1016
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Depositing User: Davor Horvatić
Date Deposited: 04 May 2016 12:28
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 12:28

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