Spin-orbit interaction in relativistic nuclear structure models

Ebran, J.-P. and Mutschler, A. and Khan, E. and Vretenar, Dario (2016) Spin-orbit interaction in relativistic nuclear structure models. Physical Review C, 94 (2). pp. 24304-7. ISSN 2469-9985

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Abstract

Relativistic self-consistent mean-field (SCMF) models naturally account for the coupling of the nucleon spin to its orbital motion, whereas nonrelativistic SCMF methods necessitate a phenomenological ansatz for the effective spin-orbit potential. Recent experimental studies aim to explore the isospin properties of the effective spin-orbit interaction in nuclei. SCMF models are very useful in the interpretation of the corresponding data; however, standard relativistic mean-field and nonrelativistic Hartree-Fock models use effective spin-orbit potentials with different isovector properties, mainly because exchange contributions are not treated explicitly in the former. The impact of exchange terms on the effective spin-orbit potential in relativistic mean-field models is analyzed, and it is shown that it leads to an isovector structure similar to the one used in standard nonrelativistic Hartree-Fock models. Data on the isospin dependence of spin-orbit splittings in spherical nuclei could be used to constrain the isovector-scalar channel of relativistic mean-field models. The reproduction of the empirical kink in the isotope shifts of even Pb nuclei by relativistic effective interactions points to the occurrence of pseudospin symmetry in the single-neutron spectra in these nuclei.

Item Type: Article
Date: 3 August 2016
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Additional Information: © 2016 American Physical Society. Received 15 April 2016; revised manuscript received 9 June 2016; published 3 August 2016.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Publisher: American Physical Society
Depositing User: Gordana Stubičan Ladešić
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 15:45
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 16:43
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5042

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