The problems of sustainability of water resources in the European Mediterranean

Pavlek, Katarina (2016) The problems of sustainability of water resources in the European Mediterranean. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Geography.

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Abstract

The sustainability of water resources in the Mediterranean is threatened by the constant increase in demand due to population growth and a decrease in freshwater availability due to climate change. Unlike the African or Asian coast, water resources in the European Mediterranean are generally sufficient. But certain regions like the Spanish coast, the Balearic Islands and Malta, are suffering from water shortages. Great variability of precipitation during the year causes drought and low water in the summer, right at the time of peak demand. The largest consumer of water in the European Mediterranean is intensive agriculture. However, the biggest problem in the most vulnerable areas is the rising number of tourists. The consequences of over-exploitation of groundwater are water pollution, soil salinization and drainage of wetlands. Strategies that promote sustainable management of water resources include the use of new technologies, such as water recycling for usage in industry and agriculture. These strategies reduce the high consumption of water for irrigation, which is still inevitable in the Mediterranean region. Nevertheless, the unrestrainable social pressures and intensity of climate change will decide if these solutions can be successful.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Keywords: water resources, European Mediterranean, water stress, climate change, sustainable development
Supervisor: Buzjak, Nenad
Date: 2016
Number of Pages: 26
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geography
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Geography
Depositing User: dipl. bib. Ljljana Bajs
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 10:12
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 10:12
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5088

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