Effect of body mass index on in vitro fertilization outcomes in women

Petrović, Tea (2016) Effect of body mass index on in vitro fertilization outcomes in women. Diploma thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a highly specialized branch of medicine which treats infertility in cases where the cause of infertility cannot be eliminated, but must be bypassed. In vitro fertilization (in-vitro fertilization, IVF) is a technique in which oocyte are fertilized by sperm outside the womb. This procedure of infertility treatment is resorted to when other methods of assisted reproduction fail to succeed. Infertility treatment includes hormonal control of ovulation, extraction (puncture) of oocytes from ovaries of women and enabling sperm to fertilize the oocyte in a nutrient medium. It is embryo transfer in order to achieve pregnancy. Obesity and overweight are one of the leading health problems in the world. Obesity has a number of serious health effects, including hypertension, diabetes (Diabetes mellitus), cardiovascular disease, uterine and breast cancer. It also has a negative impact on reproductive health. Excess weight leads to menstrual dysfunction, or to anovulation and infertility. Excess weight has an impact on the quality of oocytes, embryo development, and the number of mature oocytes and requires higher doses of gonadotropins during the stimulation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of body mass index on in vitro fertilization outcomes in women. The results of our research showed that there is a relationship between BMI and the outcome of pregnancy rate.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
Keywords: infertility, BMI, IVF, ICSI
Supervisor: Stanić, Patrik
Co-supervisor: Benković, Vesna
Date: 2016
Number of Pages: 50
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Grozdana Sirotic
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2016 12:31
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2016 12:31
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5196

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