Determination of meropenem and imipenem minimum inhibitory concentrations in carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriacae

Radić, Gabrijela (2016) Determination of meropenem and imipenem minimum inhibitory concentrations in carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriacae. Diploma thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli is on the rise worldwide, posing a major public health threat. Resistance is conferred by carbapenemases, which are beta-lactamases that can breakdown essentially all beta-lactams. The aim of this study was to determine minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC values) of carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae for imipenem and meropenem, and examine whether the value of MIC is associated with the type of carbapenemase that isolate products. In this study we determined MIC values of 306 isolates of enterobacteria gathered in the Croatian Reference Centre for Antibiotic Resistance. MIC values were determined by the method of broth dilution. Among collected enterobacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae was represented with 53%, Enterobacter cloacae 37%, and other enterobacteria constituted 10%. A total of 75 isolates of enterobacteria produced KPC carbapenemase, 33 isolates produced metallo-β-lactamase from the NDM group, 131 isolate produced metallo-β-lactamase from the VIM group and 67 isolates produced OXA-48 carbapenemases. It has been shown that the production of the enzyme KPC and NDM was significantly associated with high MIC values for meropenem while strains with OXA-48 showed the highest sensitivity to meropenem. Determination of MIC and types of carbapenemases in clinical isolates is important because it isolates the slightly elevated MIC can still be treated with these antibiotics.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
Keywords: multiply-resistant bacteria, β-lactamase, beta-lactam antibiotics
Supervisor: Tambić Andrašević, Arjana
Co-supervisor: Hrenović, Jasna
Date: 2016
Number of Pages: 49
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Grozdana Sirotic
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2016 10:11
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2016 10:11
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5355

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