Gas fraction and depletion time of massive star-forming galaxies at z similar to 3.2: no change in global star formation process out to z > 3

Schinnerer, E. and Groves, B. and Sargent, M. T. and Karim, A. and Oesch, P. A. and Magnelli, B. and LeFevre, O. and Tasca, L. and Civano, F. and Cassata, P. and Smolčić, Vernesa (2016) Gas fraction and depletion time of massive star-forming galaxies at z similar to 3.2: no change in global star formation process out to z > 3. Astrophysical Journal, 833 (1). pp. 112-9. ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

The observed evolution of the gas fraction and its associated depletion time in main-sequence (MS) galaxies provides insights on how star formation proceeds over cosmic time. We report ALMA detections of the rest-frame ~300 μm continuum observed at 240 GHz for 45 massive (〈log(M_⋆(M_⊙))〉 = 10.7), normal star-forming (〈log(sSFR(yr^-1))〉 = -8.6), i.e., MS, galaxies at ≈ 3.2$ in the COSMOS field. From an empirical calibration between cold neutral, i.e., molecular and atomic, gas mass M_gas and monochromatic (rest-frame) infrared luminosity, the gas mass for this sample is derived. Combined with stellar mass M_⋆ and star formation rate (SFR) estimates (from MagPhys fits) we obtain a median gas fraction of μgas=Mgas/M_⋆=1.65_{-0.19}^{+0.18}$ and a median gas depletion time t_depl(Gyr)=M_gas/SFR=0.68_{-0.08}^{+0.07}; correction for the location on the MS will only slightly change the values. The reported uncertainties are the 1σ error on the median. Our results are fully consistent with the expected flattening of the redshift evolution from the 2-SFM (2 star formation mode) framework which empirically prescribes the evolution assuming a universal, log-linear relation between SFR and gas mass coupled to the redshift evolution of the specific star formation rate (sSFR) of MS galaxies. While t_depl shows only a mild dependence on location within the MS, a clear trend of increasing μ_gas across the MS is observed (as known from previous studies). Further, we comment on trends within the MS and (in)consistencies with other studies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: galaxies: evolution; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: ISM; submillimeter: ISM
Date: 12 December 2016
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Information: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2016 June 10; revised 2016 October 6; accepted 2016 October 11; published 2016 December 12.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Depositing User: Vernesa Smolčić
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2017 14:53
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2017 14:53
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5468

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