CO Luminosity Density at High-z (COLDz) Survey: A Sensitive, Large-area Blind Search for Low-J CO Emission from Cold Gas in the Early Universe with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array

Pavesi, Riccardo and Sharon, Chelsea E. and Riechers, Dominik A. and Hodge, Jacqueline A. and Decarli, Roberto and Walter, Fabian and Carilli, Chris L. and Daddi, Emanuele and Smail, Ian and Dickinson, Mark and Ivison, Rob J. and Sargent, Mark and da Cunha, Elisabete and Aravena, Manuel and Darling, Jeremy and Smolčić, Vernesa and Scoville, Nicholas Z. and Capak, Peter L. and Wagg, Jeff (2018) CO Luminosity Density at High-z (COLDz) Survey: A Sensitive, Large-area Blind Search for Low-J CO Emission from Cold Gas in the Early Universe with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. Astrophysical Journal, 864. p. 49. ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

We describe the CO Luminosity Density at High-z (COLDz) survey, the first spectral line deep field targeting CO(1–0) emission from galaxies at z = 1.95–2.85 and CO(2–1) at z = 4.91–6.70. The main goal of COLDz is to constrain the cosmic density of molecular gas at the peak epoch of cosmic star formation. By targeting both a wide (~51 arcmin2) and a deep (~9 arcmin^2) area, the survey is designed to robustly constrain the bright end and the characteristic luminosity of the CO(1–0) luminosity function. An extensive analysis of the reliability of our line candidates and new techniques provide detailed completeness and statistical corrections as necessary to determine the best constraints to date on the CO luminosity function. Our blind search for CO(1–0) uniformly selects starbursts and massive main-sequence galaxies based on their cold molecular gas masses. Our search also detects CO(2–1) line emission from optically dark, dusty star-forming galaxies at z > 5. We find a range of spatial sizes for the CO-traced gas reservoirs up to ~40 kpc, suggesting that spatially extended cold molecular gas reservoirs may be common in massive, gas-rich galaxies at z ~ 2. Through CO line stacking, we constrain the gas mass fraction in previously known typical star-forming galaxies at z = 2–3. The stacked CO detection suggests lower molecular gas mass fractions than expected for massive main-sequence galaxies by a factor of ~3–6. We find total CO line brightness at ~34 GHz of 0.45 ± 0.2 μK, which constrains future line intensity mapping and CMB experiments.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, galaxies: high-redshift, galaxies: ISM, radio lines: galaxies, surveys
Date: 2018
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Information: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 February 13; Revised 2018 May 29; Accepted 2018 June 6; Published 2018 August 29.
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Depositing User: Vernesa Smolčić
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 15:29
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 15:29
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5912

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