Holocene vegetation in Europe

Vilović, Tihana (2014) Holocene vegetation in Europe. Bachelor's thesis, Faculty of Science > Department of Biology.

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Abstract

11 000 years before present initiated a geological epoch named Holocene, which is part of a larger geological period – the Quaternary. Last glaciation in the Earth's history took place in the Quaternary, including several ice ages in which ice sheets covered large parts of both Earth's hemispheres. The epoch of Holocene began by the end of the last ice age. Variations in solar energy distribution along the surface of the Earth occured in connection with the changes in orbital parameters. As a result, continuous changes occured in dominating vegetation. In this work, a brief review was made for vegetation changes on the European continent during the Holocene epoch. Reconstructions of the vegetation distribution for periods 9 000, 6 000 and 3 000 years before were also shown. Throughout history, man has been an important environmental modificator, but in case of the Holocene vegetational changes it is considered that the major factor, however, was climate. In addition, a few simulations for future changes in vegetational patterns of some European taxons were represented.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's thesis)
Supervisor: Liber, Zlatko
Date: 2014
Number of Pages: 15
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Grozdana Sirotic
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 12:59
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2014 12:59
URI: http://digre.pmf.unizg.hr/id/eprint/790

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